In 12 Angry Men, 12 jurors are brought in and asked to
decide weather a 19 year old was guilty of stabbing his
father or innocent. The juror has statements of people who
said that the boy killed his father. The jurors go over the statement of a old woman who says that she saw the boy kill the father from across the street while the El train was passing. Another witness said that he heard the boy yell "I'm going to kill you" to the father followed by a body falling, He then said he ran to the stairwell in 15 seconds to find the boy fleeing the scene. The jurors decided these witness weren't reliable because the woman was too old and wore glasses, so when she woke up and looked across the street she wasn't wearing then so she could've seen anything. While the other witness was too old and probably couldn't walk fast enough to see the boy actually fleeing. In the end the jurors found the boy to be innocent despite what the witnesses were saying. This shows that the witnesses were both fed false information and manipulated there memories to fit what everyone was saying.
Loftus Argument: Elizabethwas speaking in the video about a young man named Steve Titus who was accused of a crime he did not commit. He served jail time because the victim said "I am absolutely certain that is him" when at first she says "that ones the closest." Loftus studied how people change their memories when fed false information.